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Physics NEB Grade 12 Model Question 2079-2023

Physics | NEB Grade 12 Model Question 2079-2023

Dear Students of grade XII-12! Today, we’ve brought you Physics NEB Grade 12 Model Question 2079-2023 with subject code: 1021 and you can download the neb grade xii (12) Physics subject question paper of the year 2079-2023 in PDF format. Please check and download pdf file grade 12 Physics Model question paper of the year 2023-2079 Nepal. The model question provided below – Physics NEB Grade 12 Model Question 2079-2023 for the board exam 2079 and onwards. And it is based on the latest NEB Syllabus for 2079. We will be adding more model question papers of grade xii-12 later on. Scroll down to Download Physics Model Question of grade 12-xii in pdf format which is 536 kb in size. Enjoy!

Physics NEB Grade 12 Model Question 2079-2023.

NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS BOARD [NEB]
NEB Grade XII-12
2079-2023
Model Question
Physics

Subject Code – 1021
Time – 3 hrs
Full Marks – 75

The candidates are required to give their answers in their own words as far as practicable. The figures in the margin indicate full marks.

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Attempt all the questions

Group – ‘A’

Rewrite the correct options of each question in your answer sheet. (11×1=11)

1. The product of moment of inertia and angular velocity gives

(A) force
(B) torque
(C) linear momentum
(D) angular momentum

2. The bob of a simple pendulum has a mass of 0.40 kg. The pendulum oscillates with a period of 2.0 s and an amplitude of 0.15m. At an extreme point in its cycle, it has a potential energy of 0.044J. What is the kinetic energy of the pendulum bob at its mean point?

(A) 0.022 J
(B) 0.044 J
(C) 0.011 J
(D) 0.033 J

3. What causes earthquakes?

(A) The flow of magma
(B) The expansion of the earth’s crust
(C) The rubbing together of earth’s plates
(D) Tsunami

4. What percentage of original radioactive atoms is left after 4 half-lives?

(A) 1%
(B) 6%
(C) 10%
(D) 20%

5. Two wave pulses travel toward each other as shown in the diagram below.

Which of the following diagrams represents the superposition of the pulses when they meet?

6. Which one of the following properties of sound is affected by the change in air temperature?

(A) amplitude
(B) frequency
(C) wavelength
(D) intensity

7. Internal energy of an ideal gas depends on

(A) volume only
(B) pressure only
(C) temperature only
(D) both pressure and volume

8. In which of the following processes of the gas, work done is the maximum?

(A) Isothermal
(B) Isobaric
(C) adiabatic
(D) Isochoric

9. The neutral temperature of a thermocouple is equal to 500°C when the temperature of cold junction is 0°C. Percentage change in the temperature of inversion when temperature of cold junction is equal to 20°C is

(A) 2%
(B) 3%
(C) 4%
(D) 5%

10. In which of the following circuits the maximum power dissipation is observed?

(A) a circuit having inductor and resistor in series
(B) pure resistive circuit
(C) pure inductive circuit
(D) pure capacitive circuit

11. Why laminated cores are placed in transformers?

(A) to reduce hysteresis loss
(B) to reduce eddy current
(C) to reduce the magnetic effect
(D) to increase coercivity

Group – ‘B’ (8×5 = 40)

12.

(i) Define simple harmonic motion. [1]

(ii) Derive an expression for the time period of oscillation for a mass m attached to a vertical spring of force constant k. [3]

(iii) What will be the time period of this system if it is taken inside the satellite? [1]

13.

(a) State Bernoulli’s principle. [1]

(b) Figure below shows a liquid of density 1200kgm-3 flowing steadily in a tube of varying cross-sections. The cross-section at point A is 1.0 cm2 and that at B is 20 mm2, points A and B are in the same horizontal plane. The speed of the liquid at A is 10 cm/s. Calculate
(i) the speed at B. [2]
(ii) the difference in pressure at A and B. [2]

14.

(a) Draw a PV diagram of a petrol engine and explain its working based on its PV diagram. [3]
(b) Compare the efficiency of petrol engine with that of diesel engine based on their compression ratios. [2]

15.

(a) When the wire of a sonometer is 75 cm long, it is in resonance with a tuning fork. On shortening the wire by 0.5 cm it makes 3 beats with the same fork. The beat is the difference in frequencies. Calculate the frequency of the tuning fork. [ 3]
(b) The diagram below shows an experiment to measure the speed of a sound in a string. The frequency of the vibrator is adjusted until the standing wave shown in the diagram is formed. The frequency of the vibrator is 120Hz. Calculate the speed at which a progressive wave would travel along the string. [2]

16.

(a) State Lenz law in electromagnetism. Justify this law is in favor of the principle of conservation of energy. [1+2 =3]

(b) A magnet is quickly moved in the direction indicated by an arrow between two coils C1 and C2 as shown in the figure. What will be the direction of induced current in each coil as indicated by the movement of magnet? Explain. [2]

17.

(a) State the principle of the Potentiometer. A potentiometer isalso called a voltmeter of infinite resistance, why?
[1+1=2]

(b) In the meter bridge experiment, the balance point was observed at J with l=20cm.

(i) The values of R and X were doubled and then interchanged. What would be the new position of balance point? [2]
(ii) If the galvanometer and battery are interchanged at the balance position, how will the balance point get affected? [1]
OR
(a) State the two Kirchhoff’s laws for electrical circuits. [2]
(b) In Meter Bridge shown below, the null point is found at a distance of 60.0 cm from A. If now a resistance of 5 ohm is connected in series with S, the null point occurs at 50 cm. Determine the values of R and S. [3]

18. The graph below shows the maximum kinetic energy of the emitted photoelectrons as the frequency of the incident radiation on a sodium plate is varied.
(a) From the graph determine the maximum frequency of incident radiation that can cause a photoelectric effect? [1]
(b) Calculate the work function for sodium. [2]
(c) Use the graph to calculate the value of the Planck constant in Js. [2]

19.

(a) Figure below shows the experimental setup of Millikan’s oil drop experiment. Find the expression for a charge of an oil drop of radius r moving with constant velocity v in a downward direction using a free body diagram. [2]
(b)What will be the expression for the charge of an oil drop if the electric force is greater than its weight? [1]
(c) Determine the electric field supplied when the electric force applied between the two horizontal plates just balances an oil drop with 4 electrons attached to it and mass of oil drop is 1.3×10-14 kg. [2]
OR
(a) A diode can be used as a rectifier. What characteristic of a diode is used in rectification? [1]
(b) Draw a circuit diagram of full wave rectifier. [1]
(c) A NOR gate ‘opens’ and gives an output only if both inputs are ‘low’, but an OR gate ‘closes’. An AND gate ‘opens’ only if both inputs are ‘high’, but a NAND gate ‘closes’. Construct a truth table for the circuit shown below including the states at E, F and G. [3]

Group – ‘C’ (3×8 = 24)

20.

(a) What is the significance of the negative energy of the electron in an orbit? [1]
(b) The energy levels of an atom are shown in Fig. below. Which one of these transitions will result in the emission of a photon of wavelength 275 nm? Explain with calculation. ( h= 6.64 x10-34Js, C= 3.0×108 ms-1) [3]
(c) Find the expression for the wavelength of radiation emitted from a hydrogen atom when an electron jumps from higher energy level n2 to the lower energy level n1. [2]
(d) Calculate the magnitude of the wavelength of the second Balmer series?(R =1.09x107m-1) [2]

21.

(a) A student is trying to make an accurate measurement of the wavelength of green light from a mercury lamp (λ = 546 nm). Using a double slit of separation of 0.50 mm, he finds he can see ten clear fringes on a screen at a distance of 0.80 m from the slits. He then tries an alternative experiment using a diffraction grating that has 3000 lines/cm.
(i) What will be the width of the ten fringes that he can measure in the first experiment? [2]
(ii) What will be the angle of the second-order maximum in the second experiment? [2]
(iii) Suggest which experiment you think will give the more accurate measurement of wavelength (). [1]

(b) A physics student went to buy polaroid sunglasses. The shopkeeper gave him two similar-looking sunglasses. In what way he can differentiate between polaroid sunglasses and non-polaroid sunglasses? [1]
(c) At what angle of incidence will the light reflected from water ( = 1.3) be completely polarized? [2]
OR
a) In what way does the intensity of sound heard by an observer change if the distance with the source changes by four times? [1]
b) A train is traveling at 30m/s in still air. The frequency of the note emitted by the train whistle is 262Hz. What frequency is heard by a passenger on the other train moving in the opposite direction to the first at 18m/s (i) when approaches the first and (ii) when receding from the first?( velocity of sound= 340 m/s) [2+2]
c) In a sinusoidal sound wave of moderate loudness, the maximum pressure variations are of the order of 3.0×10-2 Pa above and below the atmospheric pressure. Find the corresponding maximum displacement if the frequency is 1000Hz.in air at normal atmospheric pressure and density. The speed of sound is 344m/s and the bulk modulus of the medium is 1.42×105 Pa. [3]

22.

(a) What is choke coil? [1]
(b) Why is it preferred over a resistor in ac circuit? [2]
(c) In figures (a), (b) and (c), three ac circuits with equal currents have been shown.

(i) If the frequency of e.m.f.be increased, then what will be effect on the currents flowing in them? Explain. [3]
(ii) What difference do you expect in the opposition provided by circuits for the current flow in figure (a) and (b) if given a.c. e.m.f. is replaced by its equivalent d.c. e.m.f. ? [2]
OR
(a) Define 1 Ampere of current in terms of force between two parallel current-carrying conductors. [1]
(b) How do you explain the contraction of the solenoidal coil while the current is passed through it? [2]
(c) A conductor of linear mass density 0.2 g m-1 suspended by two flexible wires as shown in the figure. Suppose the tension in the supporting wires is zero when it is kept inside the magnetic field of 1T whose direction is into the page.
(i) Compute the current inside the conductor. [3]
(ii) If the current determined in part (i) is passed through a 100-turn coil of 100 cm2 area with its axis held perpendicular to the magnetic field of flux density 10 T and plane of coil parallel to the field, how much torque is produced? [2]

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